Djibouti Code Of Contact Brief

Measuring Maritime Security in the Western Indian Ocean Region

Release Date: June 26, 2020
Author(s):
Curtis Bell, Sarah Gutberlet
Topic:
Publication Type: Policy Brief

Overview

Measuring Maritime Security in the Western Indian Ocean Region The Stable Seas Maritime Security Index maps and measures threats to maritime security in the coastal states of Africa and Asia, as well as the efforts to counter them. The Index was created to assist in implementing and evaluating regionally-focused maritime security strategies, such as the Djibouti Code of Conduct for the Western Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden. Measuring Maritime Security in the Western Indian Ocean Region provides analysis on all nine indicators in the Maritime Security Index in the regions covered by the Djibouti Code of Conduct.

Key Findings

Overall, this brief shows:

  • Djibouti Code signatories outperform coastal membership of the African Union in eight of nine indicators
  • Djibouti Code signatories comprise a diverse bloc of states with a range of economic and military strength; some DCOC signatories have strong economic foundations and deep military capacity while others possess weak maritime law enforcement capacity and an array of onshore threats. 
  • The indicators included in the Maritime Security Index are interrelated: improvements in some areas will translate to progress in others. The inverse has proven true, as well. Backsliding in some areas, such as fisheries and coastal welfare, can help to strengthen the criminal networks operating in coastal areas. None of the issue areas included in the Maritime Security Index should be addressed in isolation.