On average, it is estimated that up to 30 percent of all medicines available in Sub-Saharan Africa are counterfeit, part of a lucrative global trade.
Stable Seas Blog
The combination of low maritime enforcement capacity, limited rule of law on shore, and the presence of and/or proximity to conflict make certain areas in sub-Saharan Africa hotspots for maritime weapons trafficking.
Sub-Saharan Africa is one of the most integral hubs for the global trade in illicit wildlife. Wildlife is also among the most profitable illicit trade sectors. Rhino horn, ivory, and pangolin scales are the most common trafficked wildlife products.
In this series, we will explore five ways maritime insecurity facilitates illicit trade in Africa. We argue that the high prevalence of illicit trade activity, including the trafficking of narcotics, wildlife, arms, and counterfeit contraband, is a direct result of the majority of African littoral states having a poorly governed and insecure maritime domain.